Go thru this too;
Engine Coolant Concerns TSB 93-24-08 for 84-94 Bronco, F Series, Aerostar, Econoline & many others; "...ISSUE: Engine performance concerns such as hesitation or stall, rough idle, and/or poor fuel economy may be caused by the thermostat stuck in an open position or opening at a temperature lower than specified. ACTION: Use the following "Cooling System Diagnosis" procedure to diagnose a cooling system that may not be reaching normal operating temperature
by Ford via Steve83 (Steve, That dirty old truck) at http://www.supermotors.net/registry/media/723355
TSB 93-24-08 Engine Coolant Concerns
Publication Date: NOVEMBER 24, 1993
FORD: 1983-94 ESCORT
1984-94 CROWN VICTORIA, MUSTANG, TEMPO, THUNDERBIRD
LINCOLN-MERCURY: 1984-86 CAPRI
1984-92 MARK VII
1984-94 CONTINENTAL, COUGAR, GRAND MARQUIS, TOPAZ, TOWN CAR
1991-94 CAPRI, TRACER
MERKUR: 1985-89 XR4TI
LIGHT TRUCK: 1984-94 BRONCO, ECONOLINE, F-150-350 SERIES, RANGER
1985-90 BRONCO II
1988-94 F SUPER DUTY
MEDIUM/HEAVY TRUCK: 1993-94 F & B SERIES
NOTE: THE ESCORT/TRACER SPECIFIC APPLICATION FOR THIS ARTICLE IS AS FOLLOWS:
1983-1990 Escort - 1.9L and 1.6L
1991-1994 Escort - 1.9L
1991-1994 Tracer - 1.9L Only
ISSUE: Engine performance concerns such as hesitation or stall, rough idle, and/or poor fuel economy may be caused by the thermostat stuck in an open position or opening at a temperature lower than specified.
ACTION: Use the following "Cooling System Diagnosis" procedure to diagnose a cooling system that may not be reaching normal operating temperature. Follow the "Thermostat Diagnosis" procedure to determine if the thermostat may be at fault. Check the thermostat without removing it from the vehicle by using Rotunda Service Coolant Temperature Monitor Harness 007-00064.
A new cooling system diagnosis procedure has been developed for engines that do not reach normal operating temperature. A new thermostat diagnosis procedure also has been developed, using a new service coolant temperature monitor harness. See chart for proper diagnostic procedure.
NOTE: THIS PROCEDURE WILL DIAGNOSE ONLY COOLING SYSTEMS THAT MAY NOT BE REACHING NORMAL OPERATING TEMPERATURE. IT WILL NOT DIAGNOSE A THERMOSTAT THAT CAUSES AN ENGINE OVERHEAT CONDITION.
NOTE: DISCONNECTING THE POWERTRAIN CONTROL MODULE (PCM) TO ATTACH A BREAKOUT BOX OR AN EEC IV MONITOR WILL ERASE THE ADAPTIVE LEARNING FROM MEMORY AND MAY "HIDE" A DRIVE CONCERN TEMPORARILY UNTIL THE ADAPTIVE LEARNING IS RE-LEARNED.
NOTE: THIS PROCEDURE IS MOST ACCURATE IF PERFORMED INDOORS AT LESS THAN 100°F (38°C) AMBIENT TEMPERATURE. THIS TEST MAY BE PERFORMED WITH OR WITHOUT THE HOOD OPEN AND WITH THE ENGINE WARM OR COLD.
CAUTION: ALWAYS VENT THE EXHAUST TO THE OUTSIDE WHEN PERFORMING THIS TEST.
1. Check the coolant level in the radiator and coolant recovery reservoir.
2. With the key in the "off" position, proceed as follows:
a. Remove the engine coolant temperature (ECT) sensor harness connector.
b. Attach Rotunda Service Coolant Temperature Monitor Harness 007-00064 as a jumper between the PCM and the ECT.
c. Attach Rotunda 73 Digital Multimeter 105-00051 or equivalent to the thermostat monitor harness. Voltage values (0-5vdc) may now be monitored while the sensor retains its connection to the wiring harness.
NOTE: A ROTUNDA NEW GENERATION STAR TESTER (NGS) 007-00500 OR THE ROTUNDA SERVICE BAY DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEM (SBDS) 001-00001 MAY BE USED TO MONITOR THE ECT ON VEHICLES EQUIPPED WITH DATA COMMUNICATIONS LINK (DCL). THE SBDS SEQUENCE TO USE FOR THE SCREEN IS "TOOLBOX - ELECTRONIC ENGINE CONTROL AND DCL - ITEM".
3. Vehicles equipped with electric engine cooling fan(s) must have a fan running during this test (high or low speed may be used). Two methods may be used to turn the fan(s) on:
a. Disconnect the A/C compressor clutch power supply and turn the climate control to A/C "ON". Or
b. Disconnect the power supply to the cooling fan and supply 12 volts direct to the fan connector from the battery.
NOTE: A GROUND MAY BE REQUIRED FOR SOME APPLICATIONS.
4. Place transmission in "park" or "neutral".
NOTE: RUNNING THIS TEST WITH THE VEHICLE IN GEAR OR WITH THE A/C COMPRESSOR CLUTCH ENGAGED (RUNNING) WILL CAUSE IMPROPER DIAGNOSIS
5. Start the engine and allow to idle throughout this test:
a. Allow engine to run for 2 minutes, then record ECT voltage.
b. From now on, record ECT voltage every 60 seconds.
c. When the ECT voltage trend changes direction or changes only slightly (0.03 volts or less) from the previous reading, record this as the thermostat opening voltage.
d. Use the "Voltage and Corresponding Temperature Chart" shown below to obtain actual coolant temperatures.
6. If the opening voltage is GREATER than 0.75 volts (less than 180° F/ 82° C), or 0.85 volts (170° F/ 77° C) for 2.3L HSC engine only, replace the thermostat. Refer to the dealer Master Parts Catalog for correct thermostat usage.
7. If the thermostat opening voltage is LESS than 0.75 volts (greater than 180° F/ 82° C), or 0.85 volts (170° F/ 77° C) for 2.3L HSC engine only, the thermostat is good and should NOT be replaced. The "Cooling System Diagnosis Chart" should be referenced for further instructions.
NOTE: The 10° F opening temperature difference for the 2.3L HSC engine is due to the ECT sensor location.
OTHER APPLICABLE ARTICLES: NONE
WARRANTY STATUS: INFORMATION ONLY